Glossary of psychometric terms

Last updated October, 2018


Below are the terms used to describe people’s locations on the OCEAN psychometric scale, also known as the “Big 5” scale. OCEAN stands for:

 

Openness | Conscientiousness | Extraversion | Agreeableness | Neuroticism

It’s through these five personality Factors (and their 30 subsequent Facets) that we're able to map psychometric personality or “fingerprints.”

OPENNESS

Short Description: Openness to Experience describes a dimension of cognitive style that distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people.

 


Long Description: Open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more aware of their feelings. They tend to think and act in individualistic and nonconforming ways. ...

 

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS


Short Description: Conscientiousness concerns the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses. 

​Long Description: Impulses are not inherently bad; occasionally time constraints require a snap decision, and acting on our first impulse can be an effective response. Also, in times of play rather than work, acting spontaneously and impulsively can...

 

EXTRAVERSION


Short Description: Extraversion is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world.

​Long Description: Extraverts enjoy being with people, are full of energy, and often experience positive emotions. They tend to be enthusiastic, action-oriented, individuals who are likely to say “Yes!” or “Let’s go!” to opportunities for excitement....

 

AGREEABLENESS


Short Description: Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. Agreeable individuals value getting along with others.


Long Description: Agreeable people are considerate, friendly, generous, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests with others. They also have an optimistic view of human nature. They believe people are basically honest, decent, and trustwo...

 

NEUROTICISM


Short Description: Neuroticism refers to the tendency to experience negative feelings.


Long Description: Freud originally used the term neurosis to describe a condition marked by mental distress, emotional suffering, and an inability to cope effectively with the normal demands of life. He suggested that everyone shows some signs of n...

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